Forced criminality involves victims, often children, who are forced to commit a range of crimes, including counterfeit DVD selling, bag snatching, ATM theft, pick-pocketing, forced begging, forced sham marriage and cannabis cultivation. Victims are often subject to multiple types of criminal exploitation at the same time.

Forcing others to undertake criminal activities is a lucrative and a low-risk enterprise for traffickers. Treating victims of trafficking as criminals rather than protecting them, perpetuates the crime and guarantees impunity for traffickers.

It also compounds any existing fear the victim may have of the authorities and reduces the likelihood that they will assist in further investigations.